T29 / D5

Geological (and fossil) subsurface resources

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Europe
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom



Eddy Wille - Tom Behetstom.behets@ovam.bewww.ovam.beYesyesyes
"Investigation of the opportunities of combining soil remediation, the principles of landfill mining and excavation of ancient landfill sites for the creation of extra space for water buffering capacity (temporally water storage) in actual flooding areas and areas with high risk of flooding."possiblynbal@ovam.be

Czech Republic

Marie Pacakova
xymarie.pacakova@gacr.czhttps://gacr.cz/en/yespossiblynoGrant Agency of the Czech Republic, a section for support of the research. Open to all fields of science. The Czech Science Foundation (also known as the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, GA CR) was established in 1993 as the main independent public organization with the aim to support basic research in the Czech Republic and promote international collaboration of researchers and research teams on the bilateral and multilateral levels. On the basis of calls for proposals, the Czech Science Foundation provides financial support for experienced as well as young and early-stage researchers. Moreover, it funds bilateral projects together with projects carried out within international research programmes. The subject of a project proposal is determined by the applicant (bottom-up principle). Around 2,500 project proposals are submitted to the GA CR every year, of which more than one-fourth obtain financial support. The GA CR invites proposals in all disciplines of basic research.



Tekes - the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation
Chief advisor Kari Keskinenkari.keskinen@tekes.fihttps://www.tekes.fi/en/tekes/yespossiblynoTekes is the most important publicly funded expert organisation for financing research, development and innovation in Finland. Tekes promotes a broad-based view on innovation: besides funding technological breakthroughs, Tekes emphasises the significance of service-related, design, business, and social innovations. Tekes works with the top innovative companies and research units in Finland. Every year, Tekes finances some 1,500 business research and development projects, and almost 600 public research projects at universities, research institutes and universities of applied sciences. Research, development and innovation funding is targeted to projects that create in the long-term the greatest benefits for the economy and society. Participation of enterprises is a requirement for funding. Tekes highlights the importance of economic impacts in its funding decisions.
new mining technologies, critical minerals, circular economy, use of side products, recycling of phosphorus, social acceptancepossibly, already funded, currently fundingantti.rehunen@ymparisto.fi


Ministry of Agriculture and Food
Marion BARDYmarion.bardy@agriculture.gouv.frhttp://www,agriculture.gouv.frunknownyesyesHow to manage the multifunctionality of agricultural soils, also takes into account in the decision making - transverse to several themes. What means of action / levers for actors managing agricultural ecosystems
Phosphorus aspect, how to recycle effleunts as a source of P for soils spacialilization of P in soils (GIS SOL) - state of play of soil fertility vis-à-vis P interdependence between C-N-P-S cyclesyesmc.dictor@brgm.fr




implementation programme soil and subsurface
Leo Hamerlinck (via Linda Maring)linda.maring@deltares.nlhttps://www.bodemplus.nl/onderwerpen/bodem-ondergrond/bodemconvenant/thema/kennis/uitvragen/uitvraag-2017/aanbestedingsvormen/xxxpossiblypossiblyThis programme has budget untill (10 mln between 2017-2020) for soil and subsurface. They use the Dutch knowledge agenda soil and subsurface (which is the same as the dutch contribution to the INSPIRATION agenda) as leading research questions. They set out different calls (next call is on climate / rural area, nature / infrastructure or energy, max 150 KEUR, 50% cofininancing needed, deadline Nov 29 2017 ) They are open for collaboration in europe. how and on which topics is not specified yest. Probably theyw ant to arrange this via the Knowledge and Innovation Program Soil and Subsurface (also entered in this database)



Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Maria MaiaMaria.Maia@fct.ptwww.fct.ptPermission for what?yesyes
Center on Spatial and Organizational Dynamics
Thomas Panagopoulostpanago@ualg.pthttp://cieo.pt/mission.phpyespossiblyyes
outside our remittpanago@ualg.pt
António José Conde Buzio Sampaio Ramos
outside our remittpanago@ualg.pt






The Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agrucultural Sciences and Spatial Planning
Elisabet Goranssonelisabet.goransson@formas.sewww.formas.seyespossiblypossiblyMay be a change of Contact person
Vinnova - Sweden's innovation agency
Susanne Gyesjösusanne.gylesjo@vinnova.sewww.vinnova.seyespossiblynoVinnova is Sweden's government agency for innovation. Our mission is to contribute to sustainable growth by improving the conditions for innovation. We do this mainly by funding innovation projects and the research needed to develop new solutions. We also invest long term in strong research and innovation environments. We stimulate collaborations between companies, universities and other higher education institutions, public services, civil society and other actors. Our activities also focus on strengthening international cooperation. Each year, Vinnova invests around SEK 3 billion in fostering innovation. Most of these funds are allocated via calls for proposals in which companies, public sector actors and other organisations apply for funding. All investments are continuously monitored and evaluated and we regularly analyse the impacts of our investments.
‘three segments of the non-energy, non-agricultural raw materials: Metallic Construction, and Industrial minerals’. Already involved in a large nationat programand en era-net Cofund). Still interested in information on initiatives, thoughcurrently fundingyvonne.ohlsson@swedgeo.se


Swiss National Science Foundation SNSF
c/o Marco Pützmarco.puetz@wsl.chwww.snf.chnonono
Swiss Federal Office for the Environment FOEN
c/o Marco Pützmarco.puetz@wsl.chwww.bafu.admin.chnonono

United Kingdom

This research will decrease the environmental and societal impact of resource recovery, decrease demand by promoting recycling and use of alternatives. It will contribute to the transition to a circular economy.

  • For founders
  • For endusers
  • For researchers
  • For citizens
Funding research on the current and future demand for geological resources and the consequences of their extraction to ecosystem services of land and soil, will provide new insights and opportunities for the transition towards a cicular economy, aiming at reduction, reuse and recycling of materials.
Research on the demand of geo-resources, especially incentives for circular design, reuse and recycling of materials will open a whole new window of opportunity for entrepreneurs and will create new business opportunities. End users may benefit from restored or unspoiled landscapes and natural areas will be preserved.
Researching the demand for geo-resources extends beyond the traditional economic demand for resources, towards a more holistic approach of the production and consumption patterns, to minimize impacts on natural capital and ecosystem services.
Research on the demand for geo-resources and the potential to reduce this, will contribute to sustainable development and reduce the ecological footprint of citizens.

Geological subsurface resources like peat, gravel, sand, lignite and other materials are intensively used for economic development. Depletion of these non-renewable natural resources is an increasing problem for society. Circular design, promoting recycling and use of aternatives as biomass may guarantee their availability for a longer periode of time and decrease environmental impacts. This will contribute to the transition towards a circular economy. Aquifer thermal energy storage and geothermal energy are relatively new demands on the subsurface of s+K9oils, with impacts on the SSW-system and land use claims of these activities.

Geological subsurface resources like peat, gravel, sand, lignite and other materials are needed for economic development. The shallow extraction of resources (peat and brown coal more in the past, currently still sand, clay and gravel) influence landscapes strongly. Extractions (shallow and deep extraction such as salt) also leave space that can be reused or re-developed. Resource extractions highly influence the soil-sediment-water system and its ability to deliver ecosystem services.
Depletion of many non-renewable natural resources, such as minerals and nutrients, is an increasing problem. Sand and gravel has been used for decades in the construction of buildings and infrastructure. Some resources, such as gravel and good quality building material, have become scarce close to their consumption in cities and have to be transported considerable distances. Promoting the recycling of materials and alternative materials (biomass) can help to guarantee their availability and decrease environmental impacts, but methodology and procedures need to be further developed. As extraction activities are often only temporary, the re-use of land areas is an important issue and can provide new opportunities. Special attention should be given to re-use, re-built, and recycling to come not only to a circular economy but find examples for up-scaling of wasted materials.
Peat is known as a big source of energy and is also used in agriculture and horticulture. But peat is also a sink for CO2 and thus a form of climate mitigation. When used it is a source of CO2 and contributing to climate change. That is why alternative for peat have to be found and establish.
Lignite resources are great especially in the North of Europe but for instance Germany will bail out from the lignite mining. Because of remediation needs in shorter timer and on greater scale (mostly used as open pit mines) there will be a higher need development of effective remediation techniques than before.
Stones, gravel and sand are the most needed materials in the building industry. As far as we have activities in infrastructure development the materials are urgent needed. In some countries new sites to mine gravel and sand have to be developed because the known deposits are either depleted or blocked by conflicting uses.
On the other hand the underground itself is an important resource e.g. for Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) and geothermal energy. The relative amount of geothermal energy will develop from 2.2 to 13 per cent from 2010 to 2050 in Europe and the potential is referred to 300 TWh/y for Germany only. In the geological underground, instruments to weigh up underground land-use claims are missing with special attention to geothermal energy, fracking and building activities. Traditional uses of the underground like mining of fossil fuels and minerals and ore mining have to take into account their impacts to the SSW-Complex as well.
Therefore a competition in land use is remarkable between the different use of land and soil. Key questions include:
• Is there a need for more effective restoration measures of landscapes used for excavation of fossil fuels, minerals and ores? How could the energy demand be satisfied with traditional or new techniques by minimizing the impacts?
• How to manage the supply and demand of soil and aggregates in local and regional level through effective and appropriate (re-)use of various types of excavated soil, and organization of temporary storage for classified materials?
• How to advance the recycling of limited mineral and nutrient resources (e.g. through capturing phosphorous from wastewater or landfill mining)?
• What are the opportunities to recycle (C2C) excavated sand, clay, gravel? To what extend will this result in less excavating areas and contributes to circular economy (e.g. use as building material)?
• How to use the high amount of recycling material in a propper (safe and environmentaly good) way?
• How to re-use sediments as secondary resource instead of primary resources?

Activities: knowledge transfer, knowledge creation, demonstration, training and education, survey and monitoring, networking

Goals: No poverty, Good health Quality, Clean water & sanitation, Affodable and clean energy, Decent work and economic growth, Industry innovation and infrastructure, Reduced inequalities, Sustainable cities and communities, Responsible consumption, Climate action, Life below water, Life on land, Peace and justive, Partnership for the goals

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