BE-10 :: Organic carbon (OC) in soil

Soil organic carbon plays an important role in soil fertility and soil health; and plays also a key role in the carbon cycle, and thus it is important in global climate models.
Research questions:
Natural capital
Models calculate the C-evolution in soil. How should the model results be monitored in the field allowing an evaluation of these models?
How can soil help to reduce the impact of climate change?
LULUCF: mapping Land use, Land use Change and Forestry on European level:
• Data on land use and on land use change
• Data on the evolution of C in soil
• How to process and analyse these data? How to conclude on measures needed?
The C-storage capacity of specific soils needs to be quantified.
Land management
What kind of measures do we need to, on the one hand keep organic carbon high enough (to preserve the soil health) and on the other reduce the impact on climate change? And this taking into account the different kinds of organic carbon and its different roles (storage C, soil fertility, …).
Impacts of land management
What is the impact of land use changes on (changes in) of OC (and on soil fertility, erosion)?
What is the impact of the manure policies and legislation (limitation of manure use on land) on OC?
A large quantity of biomass is used for the generation of ""green"" energy but due to that, biomass is not returning to soil, resulting in an impoverishment of the soil. In regard to the potential conflict between food supply and energy need, impact of the loss of biomass needs to be assessed. Which quantity of biomass can be exploited keeping the soil quality? Which practices to choose?