CH-2.8 :: Mountain regions

Relevance of the issue and justification of the need for research:
Switzerland's mountain regions are under pressure from a host of minor changes, which however add up when put together. The question arises whether the quality of the mountain regions (retreat area, identification area, economic zone, social space, natural space, landscape area etc.) can be maintained in the long-term under the prevailing conditions. The recultivation of construction sites in mountain regions for agricultural production purposes has been cited as a challenge. In this field, adequate implementation guidelines are missing.
Specific research topics and knowledge gaps:
Land management
• Challenges in mountain regions: Develop integral planning approaches to define and steer the desired aims of development, and to preserve the qualities of the mountain regions. This requires new knowledge in the following fields:
o Develop approaches to deal with emigration from mountain regions; show how an organised, planned retreat from emigration areas can be implemented and how scrub encroachment (advance of scrubs and trees onto agricultural land) can be countered.
o Develop strategies to tackle the effects of climate change in mountain regions.
o Show how tourism which has taken root in mountain regions can be dealt with.
o Find solutions on how to organise supply and infrastructure in mountain regions.
• Guidelines for the recultivation of construction sites in mountain regions: Develop guidelines on how to recultivate construction sites in mountain regions (rules, manuals).
Impacts
• Challenges in mountain regions: Develop integral planning approaches to define and steer the desired aims of development, and to preserve the qualities of the mountain regions. This requires new knowledge in the following fields:
o Develop approaches to deal with emigration from mountain regions; show how an organised, planned retreat from emigration areas can be implemented and how scrub encroachment (advance of scrubs and trees onto agricultural land) can be countered.
o Develop strategies to tackle the effects of climate change in mountain regions.
o Show how tourism which has taken root in mountain regions can be dealt with.
o Find solutions on how to organise supply and infrastructure in mountain regions.
Documents:
• Existing cantonal guidelines on the recultivation of construction sites in the alps
• Boden und Bauen. Stand der Technik und Praktiken: (Bellini, 2015)

Stakeholders:
• National/regional/local authority, university/research institute, network, workshop participants