CH-2.7 :: Landscape protection and development

Relevance of the issue and justification of the need for research:
The European Landscape Convention entered into force in Switzerland in 2013. As a result, Switzerland is required to improve its knowledge of its landscapes. However, a lot of basic knowledge is still missing. Today superordinate interests are emerging in different sectoral areas (mining of hard stone, renewable energies, transport infrastructure, high-voltage lines, etc.) that require space. If the quality and development goals for the Swiss landscapes are unknown and the subjects of landscape protection are not identified, valuable landscapes will not be protected sufficiently and sites for the use of superordinate interests cannot be selected reasonably.
Specific research topics and knowledge gaps:
Demand
• Identification of landscape protection sites and landscape development goals: Define quality and development goals for landscapes in Switzerland and determine where the subjects of landscape protection are located (task of the cantons).
Natural capital
• Monitoring landscape change: Building up a monitoring system to observe landscape change.
Land management
• Landscape-development goals and identification of landscape protection sites: Define quality and development goals for landscapes in Switzerland and determine where the subjects of landscape protection are located (task of the cantons).
• Landscape-protection and -development instruments: Develop instruments for the protection and development of landscapes, e.g. a landscape strategy (some instruments, such as structure plans and a landscape typology, already exist, but are insufficient).
• Concepts for the protection and development of open spaces and everyday landscapes: Develop concepts that show how everyday landscapes, open spaces and quiet areas can be protected better and how they can be developed. Make sure that these concepts are integrated into spatial planning.
Documents:
• Landschaftstypologie Schweiz. Teil 1, Ziele, Methode und Anwendung: (Bundesamt für Raumentwicklung (ARE); Bundesamt für Umwelt (BAFU) et al., 2011a)
• Landschaftstypologie Schweiz. Teil 2, Beschreibung der Landschaftstypen: (Bundesamt für Raumentwicklung (ARE); Bundesamt für Umwelt (BAFU) et al., 2011b)
• Publications by Silvia Tobias (WSL) on ecosystems in urban areas, e.g. Preserving ecosystem services in urban regions: Challenges for planning and best practice examples from Switzerland: (Tobias, 2013)
• Freiraumentwicklung in Agglomerationen: (Bundesamt für Raumentwicklung (ARE) & Bundesamt für Wohnungswesen (BWO), 2014)
• Gesundheit fördern, Landschaft gestalten. Gesundheitsressource Landschaft: Wie sich in Gemeinde-, Stadt- und Quartierentwicklungen dieses Potenzial nutzen lässt: (Stiftung Landschaftsschutz Schweiz & naturaqua PBK, 2015)
• Press releases of the Swiss Foundation for Landscape Conservation

Stakeholders:
• NGO, network, national/regional/local authority, workshop participants