BE-1 :: Long term monitoring of the soil (or soil-sediment-water) system (as an important part of natural capital)

Long term monitoring and data collection of the soil-sediment-water-system (SSW), including the related SSW-system mechanisms and processes, is needed, e.g. to monitor the natural state of the SSW-system and the impact of climate change, land management practices, land use changes, … on the SSW-system in order to take the appropriate (policy) decisions, measures and the evaluation of these measures. This monitoring includes:
• chemical, physical, biological soil parameters (e.g. organic carbon, pH, CEC, nutrients, moisture content, biodiversity, C-storage, ..)
• contamination parameters (e.g. heavy metals, emerging contaminants, …)
• large scale and long term
• using a harmonized and optimal methodology
• guaranteeing good quality data
• within all of Europe
Research questions:
The following research questions on monitoring are relevant to all four integrative themes: the monitoring can (depending on the topic) give necessary information about the demand – the natural capital – the land management and impact of land management.
Data mining: Which data are necessary and/or useful? How to collect them (cfr representativity, taking into account heterogeneity and variability)? How to interpret the collected data and draw conclusions resulting in measures?
Which are proper target values or threshold values for each of the parameters measured (for the different soil types and for the different land use and vegetation types, e.g. for habitat restoration)?
New reliable, validated, efficient, cheap and quick screening and detection methods for all monitoring parameters (e.g. using field test kits) need to be developed. How to set priorities?