DE-5.4 :: Greening policyOn the other side one must consider practice. Demands of agricultural and forest production, goals of nature protection and the designing of the landscape are being handled in systems generally separate from each other, such as the systems for planning, administration and decision-making. Use conflicts, such as those of food security and nature protection are increasing. This begs the question as to how conventional agricultural production with high yield values is to be operated in the future under the consideration of biodiversity aspects as well as how the resources of water and soil can be better protected. Greening in the practical field in not connected to the integrated goals of land use (e.g. landscape, biodiversity, maintenance of the cultural landscape). Large operations dominate and follow internal optimization strategies. Research questions here are:
• How can the lack of useful land use steering instruments in the field of agricultural production be overcome?
• How can improved spatial information and planning foundations be made available and improved monitoring approaches be created?
• How can demands from the political level be based upon better scientific evidence and contribute to an improved level of planning security?
• Are new instruments for soil management of agricultural land required? (e.g. first to have the opportunity to buy during the transfer of ownership of agricultural land, minimization of speculation, prohibition of concentrations)
• What are the effects of regulation/deregulation? (for example financial compensation and agricultural policy of the EU and the ERDF funding) beyond individual sectors?
• What happens to the rural areas when one choses to withdraw from sectoral funding sources? Discussion on the public assistance. Large operational structures / units would be strengthened, small ones weakened. Analysis of the interdependencies important here.